His Holiness The Fourteenth Dalai Lama
“At the heart of the Buddha’s teachings lie the four seals, or axioms, of Buddhism, and when we summarize the essence of everything the Buddha taught, we find that the basic framework is presented in the context of these four:
- All composite phenomena are impermanent.
- All contaminated phenomena are unsatisfactory, or in the nature of suffering.
- All things and events are empty, or devoid of self-existence.
- Nirvana is true peace.”
Illuminating The Path to Enlightenment
His Holiness The Fourteenth Dalai Lama Of Tibet
A Commentary on Atisha Dipamkara Shrijnana’s A Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment & Lama Je Tsong Khapa’s Lines of Experience
Translated by Geshe Thubten Jinpa
Edited by Rebecca McClen Novick, Thubten Jinpa, and Nicholas Ribush